De ceva vreme se vorbește despre Open Theism. Ce este acesta și care sînt implicațiile, pericolele, tentațiile și confuziile?
O explicație vulgară? Cei care susțin Open Theism afirmă că Dumnezeu nu este atotștiutor și suveran. El nu știe viitorul și nu știe ce vom alege noi. Dumnezeu poate fi luat prin surprindere. Își freacă mîinile a frustrare cînd alegem răul, își dă cu palma peste frunte și recurge la planurile alternative.
Hachițele creaturii Sale Îl pun în dificultate. A avut toate intențiile bune cu Iuda. Na!
Și-a dorit din toată inima de Dumnezeu ca Adam să reușească! A ratat! Astfel că Isus Cristos, jertfa, crucea, sacrificiul … sînt planul B.
Tu însuți Îl poți surprinde pe Dumnezeu. El crede în tine! Vi se pare cunoscut?
Să vedem ce spun alții ceva mai rafinați:
Open Theism is the thesis that, because God loves us and desires that we freely choose to reciprocate His love, He has made His knowledge of, and plans for, the future conditional upon our actions. Though omniscient, God does not know what we will freely do in the future. Though omnipotent, He has chosen to invite us to freely collaborate with Him in governing and developing His creation, thereby also allowing us the freedom to thwart His hopes for us. God desires that each of us freely enter into a loving and dynamic personal relationship with Him, and He has therefore left it open to us to choose for or against His will.
While Open Theists affirm that God knows all the truths that can be known, they claim that there simply are not yet truths about what will occur in the “open,” undetermined future. Alternatively, there are such contingent truths, but these truths cannot be known by anyone, including God.
Even though God is all-powerful, allowing Him to do everything that can be done, He cannot create round squares or make 2 +2 = 5 or do anything that is logically impossible. Omniscience is understood in a similar manner. God is all-knowing and can know all that can be known, but He cannot know the contingent future, since that too, is impossible. God knows all the possible ways the world might go at any point in time, but He does not know the one way the world will go, so long as some part of what will happen in the future is contingent. So, Open Theists oppose the claim of the sixteenth century Jesuit theologian, Luis de Molina, that God has „middle knowledge.”
Open Theists believe that Scripture teaches that God wanted to give us the freedom to choose to love or reject Him. In order for each of us to genuinely have a choice for which we are morally responsible, we must have the ability to do otherwise than we do. This is the distinctive necessary condition of what has come to be called libertarian freedom. God may intervene in the created world at any time, and He may determine that we act in ways of His choosing. But He cannot both respect our libertarian freedom and guarantee that we will do specific things freely. Thus, Open Theists believe that God has created a world in which He takes the risk that many of us will reject Him and act in ways opposed to Him, in order to give us the opportunity to freely choose to love and obey Him.
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